The concept of education is broad which indicates that a lot of processes are involved. The truth about education or learning is that it is a lifetime process. John Dewey said that Education has no final destination.
Education really starts from when a child is born and continues till death comes.
The parents are his first teachers. As the child grows, he or she is given basic home training. The child learns from the parents, both by imitation and deliberate teaching. This type of education has no structure, but that is where it all starts from.
Then the child is later exposed to formal education.
I like the definition of Education given by Prof Fafunwa (1974).
He defined Education as the aggregate of all the processes by which a child or young adult develops the abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviors which are of positive value of the society in which he lives.
The major focus of his educational perspective is that every Nigerian child is gifted. He further opined that the role of education is to identify the gift(s) and develop it.
Hence, the purpose of education is to bring out the potential that is in the child. All the knowledge and skills imparted into a child, from the moment he was born, must be able to bring out the best in the child. The educational curriculum in every nation should be geared towards achieving this purpose.
Another purpose of education is to make a child functional in the society. He is equipped with positive values and attitudes that are acceptable in the society. He is able to apply all the obtained knowledge and skills to fit well into the society.
But the question is: Is the Educational Curriculum positioned to achieve this?
Looking at the Nigerian Educational System, a lot still needs to be done.
To achieve the goal of Education, the use of student-centred methods need to be taken seriously. The teacher-centred method should be totally deleted. We still see that teachers use this method to teach which explains why learning is not taking place. This teacher-centred method has proven to be very ineffective.
The learners should first be considered while preparing for the class. As a teacher, you shouldn’t consider yourself first. Having this understanding will help achieve the goal of education.
Practical and Experiential learning will also go a long way in bring out abilities in the child. Teaching methods associated with problem solving, teamwork and real life situations are very essential.
Other benefits of using these methods are inculcation of soft skills and improved student-student relationship.
If the goal of education is achieved, it will surely affect other sectors in a country’s economy. This is because the future leaders have been well educated. The educational system will produce individuals that has what it takes to be successful.
The child who has his abilities developed coupled with the right knowledge and attitude is one who is really educated.
All teachers, school administrators and curriculum developers, both in government and non governmental organization would have to cooperate to achieve this goal.
For a better nation.
Article by Israel Iremide
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